Modern medical treatment can be an unpleasant, dehumanizing experience. The authors of this work believe that the available high-technology, coupled with solid counseling and communication, form the basis of the best physical and psychological care for patients. Contributors illustrate the types of patients that might benefit from counseling and potential strategies for assistance. Counseling tactics for patients with chronic illnesses such as diabetes, renal disease, and disfigurement as well as disabling conditions such as brain and spinal injury and multiple sclerosis are discussed. Infertility, genetic counseling, neonatal intensive care, cancer and heart disease are also covered. Will provide the medical student, instructor or physician with a better understanding of counseling and its application in a variety of medical settings.